Nosferatu 1922, King Kong 1933, Godzilla 1956, and The Creature from the Black Lagoon 1956, on Genre (Monster Horror)

Classic Monster Horror Nosferatu 1922

nosferatu
http://www.moviemail.com/film/dvd/Nosferatu-Masters-of-Cinema-Definitive-Fully-Restored-Version-with-Original-1922-Score/

Director: F.W. Murnau

Writers: Henrik Galeen (screen play),

Bram Stoker (based on the novel: “Dracula”)

Graf Orlok the Vampyre – Max Schreck

Hutter the goul – Greta Schröder

Ellen, seine FrauRuth Landshoff

Harding, ein Reeder – Georg H. Schnell

-Professor Sievers, der Stadtarzt – Gustav Botz

King Kong 1933

kong-33-8
http://www.nitehawkcinema.com/2014/09/post-no-bills-king-kong/

Directors: Merian C. Cooper & Ernest B. Schoedsack

James Ashmore Creelman & Ruth Rose (screen play)

Merian C. Cooper & Edgar Wallace (from an idea conceived by)

Robert Armstrong – Carl Denham

Bruce Cabot – John Driscoll

Fay Wray – Ann Darrow

Capt. Englehorn – Frank Reicher

Godzilla 1956

godzilla
http://galleryhip.com/godzilla-1954-poster.html

Director: Ishirô Honda

Writers: Takeo Murata, Ishirô Honda

Hideto Ogata – Akira Takarada

Emiko Yamane – Momoko Kôchi

Daisuke Serizawa-hakase – Akihiko Hirata

Kyohei Yamane-hakase – Takashi Shimura

-Gojira – Jiro Suzuki, Katsumi Tezuka, Haruo Nakajima, Ryosaku Takasugi

The Creature from the Black Lagoon, 1956

Creature_from_the_Black_Lagoon_poster
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creature_from_the_Black_Lagoon

Director: Jack Arnold

Writers: Harry Essex (screenplay)

Arthur A. Ross (screenplay)

Richard Carlson as David Reed

Kay Lawrence – Julie Adams

Mark Williams – Richard Denning

The Gill Man (in water) – Ricou Browning

The Gill Man (on land) – Ben Chapman

Genre helps us understand the relationship of film, by comparing and sorting the similarities and differences. “Genre may be defined as patterns, forms style structures which transcend individual films” (Attaman). In this Blog I will discuss Monster Horror and its influential genres and its evolution, including German Expressionism, Science Fiction and Kaijū.

21627_NOSFERATU-5
http://www.moviemail.com/film/dvd/Nosferatu-Masters-of-Cinema-Definitive-Fully-Restored-Version-with-Original-1922-Score/

Monster Horror is an ideological topic that deals with our most basic instincts of fear and survival. German Expressionism was a style of cinema that emphasized expression beginning before WW1. (Brief History of Horror) Nosferatu, 1922 was a film based on Bram Stokers Dracula. The immortal vampire incited created fear in its audiences killing numerous victims through exsanguination. The lurking shadows of Nosferatu were used as screen irony to create fear in its audiences.

http://www.empireonline.com/features/evolution-of-stop-motion/2.asp
http://www.empireonline.com/features/evolution-of-stop-motion/2.asp

King Kong 1933 was an influential film not only due to its monster but its advances in stop motion and various other film effects. “Film theorist have traditionally classified films like King Kong as belonging to horror, monster or science fiction…” (Mediating Nature) the defining factor that categorizes the various themes and tropes of monster horror is the fear it evokes. “A canoe full of natives from this island was blown out to sea. When the barque picked them up, there was only one alive.” (King Kong, Denham)

Godzilla_Three_Reasons_Youtube_Still_original
http://www.criterion.com/films/27755-godzilla

Godzilla, 1954 was a reaction to the suffering of a nuclear attack of WW2. The audience identifies with the theme, inventing a monster to depict the destruction brought upon its people. Kyohei Yamane-hakase: “It’s impossible! Godzilla absorbed massive amounts of atomic radiation and yet it still survived.” (Godzilla, Yamane-hakase) Throughout the film Tokyo was oppressed by violent and destructive attacks by Godzilla. The film was a success and influenced a number of sequels, hence inspiring its own genre Kaiji. “Kaijū is a Japanese word that literally translates to monster”. (Gutenberg)

tumblr_mcdd28gl8t1qzpdnho1_r1_1280
http://johnlinkmovies.com/2013/02/22/johnlink-ranks-creature-from-the-black-lagoon-1954/

“With Horror Films Falling out of fashion in the 50s, however the only solution was to rebaptize all these films according to the new science fiction fad” (Film/Genre, Attaman)

Genre is a class or category of artistic endeavor, therefore whatever label we assign, it can surpass it by its own properties. In The Creature from the Black Lagoon, 1954 fear is evoked by the appearance of gill mans web hand. It telegraphed a threat or warning, preparing the audience for the monsters emergence.

The films can transcend its initial label by prime common factors and themes. Monster Horror aims to create tension, terror and fright in its audiences. The existence of a supernatural monster, that creates fear, death and destruction and the protagonists journey of survival, identifies the borders of Monster Horror.


References

Film/Genre, Rick Altman, London 1999 BFI Publishing.

Mediating Nature, Nils Lindahl Elliot, 2006, Publisher: Routledge, UK

Filmmakeriq, (Web), http://filmmakeriq.com/lessons/a-brief-history-of-horror/

Gutenberg, (Web), http://self.gutenberg.org/articles/kaiju

IMDB: Nosveratu – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0013442/

IMDB: Creature from the Black Lagoon – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0046876/?ref_=nv_sr_1

IMDB: Godzilla – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0047034/?ref_=nv_sr_4

IMDB: King Kong – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0024216/fullcredits?ref_=tt_ov_wr#writers

Nosferatu, 1922, F.W. Murnau, DVD, Kino Lorber films, DE

King Kong, 1933, Merian C. Cooper & Ernest B. Schoedsack, DVD, Warner Bros, US

Godzilla, 1954, Ishirô Honda, DVD, Vivendi Entertainment, JP

The Creature from the black lagoon, 1954, Jack Arnold, DVD, Universal Studios, US

Images

Nosferatu Poster: http://www.traileraddict.com/nosferatu-1922/poster

King Kong Poster: http://www.nitehawkcinema.com/2014/09/post-no-bills-king-kong/

Godzilla Poster: http://galleryhip.com/godzilla-1954-poster.html

The Creature from the Black lagoon: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creature_from_the_Black_Lagoon

Nosferstu: http://www.moviemail.com/film/dvd/Nosferatu-Masters-of-Cinema-Definitive-Fully-Restored-Version-with-Original-1922-Score/

King Kong: http://www.empireonline.com/features/evolution-of-stop-motion/2.asp

Godzilla: http://www.criterion.com/films/27755-godzilla

The Creature from the black lagoon: http://johnlinkmovies.com/2013/02/22/johnlink-ranks-creature-from-the-black-lagoon-1954/

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